要想作文不扣分或者少扣分，有个要求是作文的语病少。怎么能够减少语病呢?这就要求我们在平时的学习过程中反复通过练习，掌握课标词汇和短语等的用法。例如，对于as soon as、stopsome body from doing something、other、another等的用法很多学生就经常出错。
高分作文有个特点是：让老师发现你拥有丰富的词汇量，你的水平高人一筹。这由何而来?靠我们在平时学习过程中，逐步积累起来的。比如：今年的中考作文，谈的就是帮助他人的问题。同一个意思“帮助”，假如你就用一个动词“help”，岂不显得你词汇贫乏?假如你在作文中不断地变换方式，用help、give somebody a hand、give a hand to somebody、be in need of等以表达“帮助”同一个意思，岂不更好呢?
像这样的例子很多，比如：大家都觉得很简单又很基础的“表示姓名的方式”就有My name is Jim.I’m Jim.I’m called/named Jim.I’m a boy called/named/with the name of Jim.等等。
表达年龄的方式有：She is 12.She is 12 years old.She is aged 12.She is a girl of 12(years old)。She is a girl aged 12.等等。
Part 1 外貌
Part 2 过程
Part 3 感受
应用词汇: 高级词汇的合理使用(energetic, intelligence)、同义词的变化使用(以like\beautiful为例)、短语的恰当使用(come up with)
语法结构的准确性：适当运用较复杂的语法，固定句式(感叹句、强调句、倒装句等)、定语从句、状语从句、现在分词短语、动词不定式等。 Taps must be turned off after being used.
上下文的连贯性： 连接词、非谓语动词等结构。First of all , in a word等
1. 表示目的：for this purpose，for this reason，so that，in order that，so as to，in order to…
2. 表示对照：but，however，yet，on the other hand，on the contrary…
3. 表示结果：so，thus，therefore，as a result
4. 表示因果：because，since，as, for， because of …, owing to
5. 表示强调：indeed，in fact，as a matter of fact
6. 表示并列观点：firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally, first of all, also，and，in addition，besides，what’s more，moreover…, last but not least, what’s worse
7. 表示解释和说明：for example， for instance…
8. 表示比较：like，just like，just as，in the same way，similarly…
9. 表示总结：finally，at last，in short，in a word
10. 表示让步：although，though， even though，no matter wh—
11. 关系：father, parents , grandfather ,uncle ,aunt ,schoolmate, monitor等，cousin比较加分哦
12. 职业：teacher, doctor, nurse, dentist, cook, artist, scientist, soldier, manager, businessman, journalist等
13. 外貌性格：pretty , good-looking, short , tall, lovely, adorable, naughty, smart , wise, diligent, lazy, humorous, attractive, funny, outgoing, serious, quiet. warm-hearted, patient，strong-minded, hard-working等(介绍外貌时候可用上定语从句，开篇就亮点)
14. 年龄： a twenty-year-old man, as a boy of 15, at the age of 10, during his childhood, middle-aged , in his forties 等
15. 兴趣爱好： enjoy doing, like to do /doing, be fond of, be crazy about, beinterested in , prefer to do/doing
16. 评价： be popular with , be respected by, be honored as, be considered ad, be famous for, be regarded as, set a good example等。
1. He shows great enthusiasm in pursuing knowledge.
2. She is a ordinary-looking girl with short hair.
3. Not only does she .. but also…
4. He sets us a good example.
5. I’ll never forget the day when…
6. I’m so proud that I have such a good friend.
7. He is considered as an honest, humorous teacher and he is respected and loved by the students and other teachers.
8. Owing to his patient guide and my effort , I learned quite well at the end.
9. Without his help, I would have…
10. It was because of their help and encouragement that I could get the best result.
11. She has a great sense of humorous.
12. She always comforts me when I get into trouble.
13. I’m very grateful to him for all that he has done for me.
14. During the process of my growth, there are lots of people I want to thank, but the person I want to thank most is…
15. I want to thank sb. from the bottom of my heart.
3. 词数在60 - 80之间。
Who is the person in your heart?
Why is the person so important in your heart?
What will you learn from the person in the future?
My father is a hero in my heart. Although he has been away for many years, he still lives in my heart now.
As a father of the five children, he knew his duty. When I was a little girl, I thought my father never knew tired. He always worked and worked. He was a man of great strength both physically and in the mind.
My father not only worked hard to support the whole family, but also looked after my ailing(多病的) mother. Day and night, he struggled for years with mother"s disease. At last, my mother recovered because of my father"s love and help. However, my father, a man who was great and gentleness, fell down. I lost my hero. He was too tired. He slept for ever.
A few years has passed, but I think my father never left me. He always smiles at me and lives in my heart. I know I have my father"s love. It gives me courage to do anything, to face any difficulties in my life.
From him, I will learn to stand up straightly, to be proud of who I am!
2. A Real Friend
A Real Friend
Everyone needs friends. Friendship plays an important role in our lives. Friends can encourage us to be better and share our hopes and dreams. Amy is a real friend like this.
When I became a middle school student, I don"t do well in English or math. I fell behind others. I was worried and upset. At that time, Amy often lent me her notebooks and came to my house to help me after school. When I wanted to give up, she always encouraged me to hold on, Thanks to Amy, a month later I caught up with others. Now both of us are in Grade 9, we have the same dreams - to be a student in a good university. I think we can achieve our dreams.
A friend in need is a friend indeed. Amy is such a good friend.
1. suffer from 遭受, 忍受
2. thanks to 多亏了
3. get/be used to sth./doing sth. 习惯于
4. be absorbed in 专心于，全神贯注于
5. concentrate on sth. 专注于
6. share your happiness and sadness with sb. 和某人分享你的快乐和痛苦
7. pursue knowledge 追求知识
8. be in trouble 处于困境中，遇到麻烦
9. depend on sb. to do sth. 依靠某人做某事
10. to be honest 老实说
11. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
12. be popular with sb. 受到某人的欢迎
13. strengthen our friendship 增进我们的友谊 promote our friendship
14. benefit a lot from sth. 从……中受益良多
15. speak highly of sb. 对某人评价高
16. get along well with sb. 和某人相处得好
17. put one’s heart into sth. 用心对待某事
18. make progress 取得进步
19. have trouble in doing sth. 做某事有困难
20. come true 实现
21. realize/achieve one’s dream 实现某人的梦想
22. enjoy doing sth. like to do sth. / like doing sth. be fond of sth. / doing sth. be crazy about sth. / doing sth.
prefer doing sth. to doing sth.
23. is of great help for sb. 对某人有很大的帮助= very helpful lose one’s temper 发脾气
3.注意句式多样化，用so…that, not…until, which, unless或者倒装、状语前置、分词、从句等等方式，让行文丰富起来——改
As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. In some places we can"t see fish swimming in the river or trees on the hills. Bird there is less and less fresh water in the world.Some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to protect the environment. But what can we do? How to protect our environment? For example, we can go toschool on foot or by bike instead of taking a car. We had better use shopping basketbets instead of plastic bags when we go shopping. We should use both sides of the paper when we write. Do"t use paper cups.At our school dinning room, use our own bowls and chopsticks instead of disposable ones. We can reuse the water and save the electricity.In a word, ifeveryone pays more attention to our environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better."There is only one earth", I hope everyone will protect our environment well.
名词：Canada, France, Japan, the United States. Australia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, country, Sydney, New York, Paris, Toronto, Tokyo, language, Japanese, world, French, office, post office, library, restaurant, bank, street, pay phone, avenue, center, bridge, neighborhood, garden, district, tour, place, way, taxi, airport, map, shop, hospital, station, direction, New York City, guide, center, corner, the Great Wall, the Palace Museum, Tian’an Men Square, Hutong, culture, bicycle, subway, car, train, bus stop, train station, minute, kilometer, mile, river, town, theater, cinema, radio station, screen, jeans, service, clothing store, train, subway, on vacation, the capital of, history, colorful history, space museum, amusement park, zoo, water park, tour guide, tourist, island,
动词：visit, arrive, take, visit, think of, take a taxi, turn left, take photos, worry, get to, be close to, think about, do a survey, travel, take the train, live in, fall in love with, be in style, be welcomed by, take a ride, consider, translate, provide, sail, continue, take it easy, provide sb. with sth, offer sb. sth, be willing to…, dream of…, hold on to…
形容词：international, west, fantastic, awful, delicious, expensive, crowded, cheap, quick, early, trendy, comfortable, easy, worse, worst, loud, lovely, cheap, dull, huge, famous, wonderful, foreign, natural, strange, beautiful, relaxing, fun, dangerous, interesting, boring, exciting, tiring, peaceful, lively, crowded, expensive, hot
There is a supermarket.
It’s on Center Street.
It’s across from the bank.
It’s next to the post office.
It’s between the restaurant and the supermarket.
Have a good trip. Have a good time.
Showtime cinema is the cheapest.
Gold theatre has the most comfortable seats.
The most popular clothes store is Jason’s .
It has the best quality clothing.
As for radio stations, most people think that Jazz 107.9 FM is really great.
We did a survey of our readers and this what we learned.
I love places where the people are friendly.
I hope to see/visit…one day/some day.
I’d like to go somewhere relaxing/interesting….
For your next vacation, why not consider visiting…?
It has…/ doesn’t have…
We can do lots of outdoor activities. It is convenient to …
计划及希望：will do, be going to do, want to do, plan to do, decide to do, make up one’s mind to do…, would like to do, be about to do, hope to do, hope +从句
喜好及兴趣：like / enjoy doing, be fond of doing, be keen on doing, prefer to do, be interested in sth /doing sth., be impressed by,
其他活动：spend time doing, can’t help doing, suit sb. just fine, look forward to sth/doing sth. relax oneself, experience the life,
介绍方位：south, north, west, east, in front of, between, opposite, next to, across from, near…
2. 句型从句 too…to, so that, not only…but also…, why not, make sb. adj., that/which/who
3. 非谓语结构：It’s +adj. for sb. to do, doing sth is…
e.g. For your next vacation, why not consider visiting Beijing?
Bird Nest, which was built for the 2008 Olympic games, is the largest stadium in Beijing
Beijing, the capital of China, is famous for its long history and splendid culture.
Beijing duck (snacks) is one of the most delicious foods, which you should never miss.
Beijing is a lovely place where the people are friendly and warm-hearted.
Only when you come yourself, can you experience its charm.
3. 参考词汇：紫禁城 the Forbidden City, 故宫 the Imperial Palace, 天安门广场Tian’anmen Square
As the 29th Olympic Games is just around the corner, more and more foreigners are coming to Beijing. In order to help them know more about it, I am glad to say something about our great capital.
Beijing is a large city with a long history. There are many places of interest in Beijing, such as the Forbidden City, the Imperial Palace, Tian’anmen Square, the Great Wall and so on. The Forbidden City is one of the most favorite places where our foreign friends like to go. The Imperial Palace, which is beautiful and famous, is also a place worth visiting. You can see a lot of culture relics there. If you want to know more about the Great Wall, you will have to go there. As you know, there is a Chinese saying, “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. ”Walking on the Tian’anmen Square, you will feel it is one of the greatest squares in the world. If you go there early in the morning, maybe you can see your national flag rising ceremony.
I am sure you will have a great time in Beijing.