(Members of a Sentence)
1. The moon │rose. 月亮升起了。
2. The universe │remains. 宇宙长存。
3. We all │breathe, eat, and drink. 我们大家都呼吸、吃和喝。
4. Who │cares? 管它呢?
5. What he said │does not matter. 他所讲的没有什么关系。
6. They │talked for half an hour. 他们谈了半个小时。
7. The pen │writes smoothly 这支笔书写流利。
系动词分三类：1)表示人或事物的身份特征或状态:appear, be, feel , look, seem, smell,sound, taste。例如look well/面色好,sound nice/听起来不错,feel good/感觉好，smell bad/难闻，taste good/尝起来不错;
表示状态的变化：become,come,fall,go,get, grow, turn,prove等;例如become cold/变冷，go grey/变灰白, (dreams) come true/(梦想)实现;
3)表示某种状态的延续或持续：continue，remain, stay, keep 等。例如keep silent/保持沉默，stay fine/仍然很好。
1. This │is │an English-Chinese dictionary. 这是本英汉辞典。(n.)
2. The dinner │smells │good. (adj.) 午餐的气味很好。
3. The trouble│is │that they are short of money. 麻烦的是他们缺少钱。(句子，表语从句)
4. Our well │has gone │dry. 我们井干枯了。
5.The war was over. 战争结束了。(adv.)
6. He seemed to know the truth.他似乎知道真相。(动词不定式)
7. He is out of condition. 他身体情况不太好。(介词短语)
8. Time is pressing. 时间紧迫。(现在分词)
9. Who was the first? 谁第一?(数词)
There be 结构：There be 表示‘存在有’。这里的there没有实际意义，不可与副词‘there那里’混淆。 此结构后跟名词，表示‘(存在)有某事物’
There is a boy there.(那儿有一个男孩。)/前一个there无实意，后一个there为副词‘那里’。
1. Who │knows │the answer? 谁知道答案?
2. He │has refused │to help them. 他拒绝帮他们。
3. They │ate │what was left over. 他们吃了剩饭。
4. I │want │to have a cup of tea. 我想喝杯茶。
5. He │admits │that he was mistaken. 他承认犯了错误。
e.g. They offered me the job.他们把那份工作给了我。
1. She │ordered │herself │a new dress. 她给自己定了一套新衣裳。
2. She │cooked │her husband │a delicious meal.她给丈夫煮了一顿美餐。
3. He │brought │you │a dictionary. 他给你带来了一本字典。
4. He │denies │her │nothing. 他对她什么都不拒绝。
5. I │showed │him │my pictures. 我给他看我的照片
6. I │gave │my car │a wash. 我洗了我的汽车。
7. I │told │him │that the bus was late. 我告诉他汽车晚点了。
8. He │showed │me │how to run the machine. 他教我开机器。
间接宾语一般位于直接宾语之前。一般的顺序为：动词+间接宾语+直接宾语。如：Give me a cup of tea, please.
Give it to me. 把它给我。(试比较：Give me the book.)
I’ll order it for you. 我给你点菜。(试比较：I ordered us three dishes.)
I"ve bought this book for you, not for myself.
常用的接双宾语的动词有1)介词用to的: give, show, send, bring, offer, read, pass, lend, hand, tell, return, write, pay, throw, allow, wish, teach, fetch等; 2) 介词用for的: make, do, spare, order, cook, sing, buy, find, get等。
The war made him a soldier./战争使他成为一名战士.
New methods make the job easy./新方法使这项工作变得轻松.
I often find him at work./我经常发现他在工作.
The teacher ask the students to close the windows./老师让学生们关上窗户.
I saw a cat running across the road./我看见一只猫跑过了马路.
Please keep the dog out.
1. They │appointed │him │manager. 他们任命他当经理。
2. They │painted │the door │green. 他们把门漆成绿色
3. This │set │them │thinking. 这使得他们要细想一想。
4. They │found │the house │deserted. 他们发现那房子无人居住。
5. What │makes │him │think so? 他怎么会这样想?
6. We │saw │him │out. 我们送他出去
7. He │asked │me │to come back soon. 他要我早点回来。
8. I │saw │them │getting on the bus. 我看见他们上了那辆公共汽车。
定语通常位于被修饰的成分前。若修饰some, any, every, no构成的复合不定代词时，(如：something、nothing);或不定式、分词短语作定语、从句作定语时，则定语通常置后。副词用作定语时须放在名词之后。
The little boy needs a blue pen.(little修饰名词boy;blue修饰名词pen.)/小男孩需要一支兰色的钢笔。
Tom is a handsome boy./Tom是个英俊的男孩。
Two boys need two pens./两个男孩需要两支钢笔。
There are two boys in the room./房间里有两个男孩。
The boy needs Tom\"s pen./他的男孩需要Tom的钢笔。
His name is Tom./他的名字是汤姆。
The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours./教室里的男孩需要你的一支钢笔。
The boy in blue is Tom./穿兰色衣服的孩子是汤姆。
There are two boys of 9,and three of 10./有两个9岁的，三个10岁的男孩。
The boy needs a ball pen./男孩需要一支圆珠笔。
He works in a trade company。 他在一家贸易公司上班。
The boy there needs a pen./那儿的男孩需要一支钢笔。
She meet her English teacher on her way home .
The boy to write this letter needs a pen./写这封信的男孩需要一支钢笔。
There is nothing to do today./今天无事要做。
The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother./那个微笑的男孩需要一支他妈妈买的钢笔。
The pen bought by her is made in China./她买的笔是中国产的。
There are five boys left./有五个留下的男孩。
The boy who is reading needs the pen which you bought yesterday./那个在阅读的男孩需要你昨天买的钢笔。
The boy you will know is Tom./你将认识的男孩叫汤姆。
There are five boys who will play the game./参加游戏的男孩有五个。
e.g. He arrived here at about ten o’clock yesterday morning.
she lived in a small village in the north.
The boy needs a pen very much./男孩非常需要一支钢笔。(程度状语)
The boy needs a pen now./ Now, the boy needs a pen./ The boy, now, needs a pen./男孩现在需要一支钢笔。(时间状语)
介词短语作状语：In the classroom, the boy needs a pen./在教室里，男孩需要一支钢笔。(地点状语)
Before his mother, Tom is always a boy./在母亲面前,汤姆总是一个男孩子.(条件状语)
On Sundays, there is no student in the classroom./星期天,教室里没有学生.(时间状语)
He sits there, asking for a pen./他坐在那儿要一支笔。(表示伴随状态)
Having to finish his homework, the boy needs a pen./因为不得不完成作业，男孩需要一支笔。(原因状语)
Frightened, he sits there soundlessly./(因为)受了惊吓，他无声地坐在那儿。(原因状语)
The boy needs a pen to do his homework./男孩需要一支笔写家庭作业。(目的状语)
To make his dream come true, Tom becomes very interested in business./为实现梦想,汤姆变得对商业很有兴趣.
Come this way!/走这条路!(方向状语)
We students should study hard. / (students是we的同位语，都是指同一批‘学生’)
You Chinese eat dumplings at the Spring Festival.
插入语：一些句中插入的 I think , I believe,等。
如: The story,I think,has never come to the end./我相信,这个故事还远没结束.
错句：Studying hard,your score will go up.
正确：(1) Studying hard,you can make your score go up.
或 (2)If you study hard,your score will go up.
Game (being) over,he went home.
He stands there,book (being) in hand.
如：Without anything to do, he fell asleep soon./无事可做，他很快就睡着了。
The teacher came in, with glasses on his nose./老师进来了，戴着一付眼镜。
① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom.
② There is an old man coming here.
③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year.
④ To do today"s homework without the teacher"s help is very difficult.
① I don"t like the picture on the wall.
A. don"t B. like C. picture D. wall
② The days get longer and longer when summer comes.
A. get B. longer C. days D. summer
③ Do you usually go to school by bus?
A. Do B. usually C.go D. bus
④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon.
A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon
⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast?
A.Did B. twins C. have D. breakfast
⑥Tom didn"t do his homework yesterday.
A. Tom B. didn"t C. do D. his homework
⑦ What I want to tell you is this.
A. want B. to tell C. you D. is
⑧ We had better send for a doctor.
A. We B. had C. send D. doctor
① My brother hasn"t done his homework.
② People all over the world speak English.
③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation.
④ How many new words did you learn last class?
⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you?
① The old man was feeling very tired.
② Why is he worried about Jim?
③ The leaves have turned yellow.
④ Soon They all became interested in the subject.
⑤ She was the first to learn about it.
① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name.
② What is your given name?
③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3.
④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor.
⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep.
⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe!
① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room.
② He asked her to take the boy out of school.
③ She found it difficult to do the work.
④ They call me Lily sometimes.
⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus.
⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now?
① There was a big smile on her face.
② Every night he heard the noise upstairs.
③ He began to learn English when he was eleven.
④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast.
⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off.
⑥ She loves the library because she loves books.
⑦ I am afraid that if you"ve lost it, you must pay for it.
⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine.
① Please tell us a story.
② My father bought a new bike for me last week.
③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term.
④ Here is a pen.Give it to Tom.
⑤ Did he leave any message for me?
句子成分练习题( 三 )
1、 ___ six years since I began to study English.
A. It is B. I have been C. There are D. It was
2 、___ in the room at that time.
A. Nobody was B. Someone were C. Who is D. He are
3 、IT"S very noisy outside. ___ is going on?
A. Who B. What C. Which D. Where
4、 ___ in English in class every day is important.
A. Speak B. Talking C. Saying D. To tell
5 、There must be____ near the factory.
A. a book store B. book store C. books store D. books stores
6 、Although it"s raining hard, ___ are still working in the fields.
A. but they B. and they C. they D. since they
1、 The doctor as well as the nurses ___ great concern for the patients.
A. show B. shows C. have shown D. are showing
2、 Your son must be a clever boy, ___ he?
A. is B. isn"t C. must D. mustn"t
3、 The computer center, ___ last year, is very popular among students in this school.
A. open B. opening C. opened D. being opened
4 、I ___ go to the shop today, for there is a lot of food at home.
A. mustn"t B. had to C. can"t D. needn"t
5 、Don"t ___ excited.
A. get B. is C. seem D. look
6 This room ___ every morning.
A. is cleaning B. is cleaned C. cleans D. cleaning
1、 Glad to meet you! ___ is your full name?
A. What B. Where C. How D. Who
2、 He is ___ to lift the heavy box.
A. too weak B. weak tooC. enough weak D. weak enough
3、 The days are ___ warmer and warmer in spring.
A. getting B. looking C. seeming D. going
4 、His job is____English.
A. teach B. to teach C. taught D. teaches
5 、Two balls are___.
A. under the desk B. in the wall C. to here D. at desks
1 、We should get ready___ others.
A. helping B. to help C. help D. help with
2、 ___interesting work we are doing?
A. What a B. How C. What D. What an
3、 I want___ a teacher when I grow up .
A. to be B. to C. be D. being
4、 -Would you like to go on a picnic with me today?
-I don"t think so. To be honest, I really don"t feel like___on a
A. going B. to go C. go D. went
5 Do you know___?
A. where does he live B. where he lives
C. where he live D. if where he lives
6 Let ____ do it again.
A. I B. me C. he D. she
7 I don"t know___.
A. how to do B. what to do C. where to do D. when to do
1、 I saw him ___ basketball with Jack an hour ago.
A. plays B. to play C. played D. play
2、 Sorry, we"ve kept you___ for a long time.
A. waited B. sing C. stand D. waiting
3 、The teacher told us ____ late again.
A. aren"t be B. don"t be C. not to be D. not be
4 、We find the room very___.
A. warm B. warmly C. terribly D. hardly
1 、I found ___ difficult to work together with him.
A. it B. its C. that D. those
2 、We all know ___ our duty to clean our classroom after school every day.
A. that B. this C. which D. it
3、 He found ___ very interesting to play with the little dog.
A. what B. it C. / D. that
( ) 1 Tom said he ___ a good dream yesterday evening.
A. dream B. dreamed C. have D. has
( ) 2 Children ___ a happy life in China.
A. lead B. living C. has D. leading
( ) 1 America, Japan and Canada are___countries.
A. developing B. developed C. less developed D. develop
( ) 2 -___ skirt is that on the chair?
-Let me see. Oh, no, it"s not mine.
A. Whose B. What C. Who"s D. Which
( ) 3 Do you have anything ___?
A. saying B. to say C. said D. say
( ) 4 Look, there is an___tree by the wall.
A. apple B. apple"s C. apples" D. apples
( ) 5 Where is____seat?
A. yours B. your C. you D. yourselves
( ) 1 The box is ___ heavy for her ___ carry.
A. very; to B. too; not to
C. too; to D. very too; to
2 -___ did you buy the new bag?
A. Where B. How C. When D. Who
3 You can see these signs in a hospital. ___ can you see them?
A. Where else B. Where place else
C. Where else place D. Else where
4 They went out ___ their old friends.
A. visit B. visiting C. to visit D. visited
5 There is a wide river____ our village.
A. outside B. over C. from D. below
1 The young man, ___ works in the office.
A. me brother B. my brother C. my brothers D. me
2 Our English teacher, ___ often helps us with study.
A. Mrs Wang B. Mrs5 WangC. MrsWang"s . D. of him
3 ___, some railway workers are busy repairing the train.
A. Them B. He C. They D. Theirs