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考研英语题型及分值_考研英语主观题题型分析

2016-10-31  来源:考研英语  点击:

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  第二部分写作

  第四章应用文写作(小作文)

  第二节题 型 分 析(下)

  二、备忘录

  备忘录是一种正式的专业文件。它结构清晰、阅读方便、传递迅速,经常为公司或团体用于各部门之间传递信息、提醒和督促对方做某事。大多数备忘录的特点是简明扼要,但它们同时也应具备优秀应用文的其他写作原则:面向你的读者,表达清楚且准确。

  备忘录通常提出请求或发布人们对某个具体问题的迅速反应。备忘录简洁短小,各部分题目虽然看上去有些唐突,但它们可以使读者对事情有个大致了解并快速做出反应。

  备忘录有约定俗成的结构和格式,一般由五个部分组成:

  To: 收文人

  From: 发文人

  Date: 日期

  Subject: 事由,内容只需要用名词或动名词等少数几个词,甚至一个词做简略陈述。

  Message: 正文,直入主题,列出最重要的信息或结论。

  备忘录的特点是不拘礼节,重视信息的准确、清楚。交代的事情应该简明扼要,一段话说明一个意思。备忘录一般不用签名,也无需盖章。另外,备忘录中也可以称呼语及结尾敬语。

  订阅收藏考研英语主观题40分攻略

  模板句型

  I have the honor to inform you that…

  我很荣幸地通知您……

  I would like to remind you that our office is in want of a new English typewriter.

  我想提醒您一下,我们办公室急需一部英文打字机。

  I have several proposals for cutting down the cost.

  关于降低成本我有几个建议。

  In response to your request for… I have to inform you that we can not approve it.

  对于你……的请求,我不得不告诉你我们不能批准。

  This is further to your memo dated June 6, 2007, in which you proposed that employees adopt the “punch in” system.

  回复你

  2007年6月6日

  关于员工实行打卡考勤制度的备忘录。

  The board of directors approved your proposal at the meeting last week.

  董事会在上周的会议上通过了你的建议。

  I believe these changes will decrease the product cost.

  我相信这些改革会降低成本的。

  Please let me know your response to these suggestions.

  我想知道你对于这些建议的看法。

  Please feel free to contact me if you need further information.

  如果需要更多信息请随时与我联系。

  I highly appreciate your considerations to these proposals.

  我期待你能考虑一下这些建议。

  经典范文

  Date: October 15, 2007

  To: All students

  From: Li Ming

  Subject: Journalist Position Available for the Summer Semester

  The student newspaper is currently looking for a journalist for the summer semester. Applicants should currently be studying at the university, and should preferably have at least two years writing experience.

  The successful applicant will be expected to write two articles every week on happenings in the city and on campus. The position will commence at the end of May and will last through to the end of August. The salary for the position is negotiable and will be based on experience. If you are interested, please send your resume to the campus newspaper office.

  练习

  You are organizing an investigation about the decoration of the reading-room. Write a memo to be posted on the bulletin board inviting your fellow students to join. Your memo should ask for suggestions.

  参考范文

  Date: May 9, 2008

  To: all students

  From: Li Ming, Student Union

  Subject: Reading room improvements

  Reading room improvements are now being planned. We are interested in learning your preference for colors to be used in redecorating, furniture and equipment desired. Please take a few minutes to respond to this questionnaire.

  Please feel free to make additional signed or unsigned comments at the bottom of this memo. Return your completed questionnaire before Friday.

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