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高考备考策略_高考备考难点之难以捉摸的冠词

2019-04-14  来源:汉语词典  点击:

【www.okfie.com--汉语词典】

  冠词是英语中的特有的词类。由于汉语中没有与之对应的词,学生对其用法感到难以掌握,所以高考英语在短文改错中对冠词的考查几乎年年都有。

  案例探究

  1.Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team.

  解析:此题为五星级题。captain 前面加the。如chairman, captain, monitor ,manager这类表示职位的名词,前面一般为零冠词,但如果这类职务指的是某人,前面要用定冠词。

  e.g. We elected him monitor.

  He is the monitor of our class.

  2.I was about to rush out of the train station when a well-dressed old man took me by my arm.

  解析:此题为四星级题。把my 改成the。take sb. by the hand arm 为固定搭配。在固定句型hit sb. in the face, strike sb. on the head ,take sb. by the arm等中,身体各部位前一定用定冠词the。

  3.Good health is person's most valuable possession.

  解析:此题为四星级题。在person's 前加a。person 是可数名词,又是第一次提到,单数前应加不定冠词。

  A person 一个人;people为复数名词,但Chinese is a kind and hard-working people. man 作人类(mankind)讲时,不加冠词;但加冠词后,就变成具体的某个人了。

  e.g. man's knowledge of things is developing.

  4.Modern people know more than about the health.

  解析:此题为五星级题。去掉the。health 是抽象名词,又是不可数名词,故不可用定冠词。抽象名词和物质名词表示一般概念时,前面通常不用冠词,但特指时,则须用定冠词;如果表示一个具体情况或动作或某一物质时,前面可用不定冠词。

  e.g. Sending another satellites is a big success for China.

  It's a great joy to live with all my old classmates.

  What a heavy rain!

  5.Alexander Braborn Bell is considered to invented telephone in 1876.

  解析:此题为五星级题。telephone 前加the。在讨论科技问题时,定冠词常和单数可数名词连用。在表示发明物的单数名词前加the。

  e.g. The compass was invented in China four thousand years ago.

  锦囊妙计

  不可数名词泛指时前面多冠词;单数可数名词前少冠词;不定冠词a, an与定冠词的错误使用;固定搭配中的冠词错误等等为高考常见的考点。

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